Structural intervention is a general term that is used to describe minimally invasive techniques for treating various heart conditions. Structural intervention procedures are able to treat patients with:
- Conditions of the aortic, mitral or tricuspid valve which are deemed to be too high-risk for conventional major surgery (percutaneous valve interventions).
- Holes in their hearts (atrial and ventricular septal defects) that need to be closed (percutaneous ASD/VSD closure).
- Leaking around prosthetic valves (paravalvular leak closure)
- Atrial fibrillation and an inability to take blood-thinning agents (left atrial appendage occlusion).
- Heart failure (parachute device implantation).
Imaging techniques, such as echocardiography, CT, and MRI have enabled development of newer transcatheter approaches for cardiovascular diseases.